Vasaka / Adhatoda Vasica
Properties /Uses :Vasaka is a small, evergreen, perennial shrub .The flowers are large, dense, terminal spikes with large bracts. It is sometimes cultivated as a hedge plant and the twigs and leaves used as 'green manure'. It is also found in Sri Lanka and Malaysia. The Leaves, roots, flowers and bark of Vasaka has been used in Indian medicine for over 2000 years. It is often referred that the leaf buds are chewed, sometimes with ginger, by sadhus. This helps to clear the respiratory passages during their yogic breathing exercise.
The extracts from Adhatoda vasica has been most commonly used for the treatment of respiratory complaints and diseases such as coughs, colds and asthma.' The leaves are boiled and taken orally for fevers and warmed leaves are applied externally for rheumatic pains and dislocation of joints. A dried water extract of leaves is used to relieve stomach acidity and in other parts of India, a decoction of the leaves is used to facilitate childbirth or induce abortion. A paste of the leaves is sometimes applied to the abdomen to treat urinary disorders. It has been used by European herbal practitioners as an antispasmodic, expectorant and febrifuge
Vasicine , a major alkaloid present in all parts of the plant is the key active ingredient in the herb.